The Scale of Attitudes Towards Disabled Persons (SADP): Cross-cultural Validation in a Middle Income Arab Country, Jordan

Main Article Content

Kozue Kay Nagata


disability, Jordan, attitudes


The purpose of this pilot study was to assess the level of the existing attitudinal barriers towards disabled persons in four communities of Jordan. Jordan is a middle income Arab country, with a PPP-adjusted GDP/capita of US$ 4320. The study attempted to determine the present level as a baseline of prejudice against people with a disability in Jordan, and to examine the relationship between the randomly selected participants’ attitudes and their previous exposure to and experience with disability. The Scale of Attitudes towards Disabled Persons (SADP) was selected as the instrument. An Arabic translated version of the Scale was used for 191 participants. The respondents showed overall negative attitudes towards disabled persons, as illustrated by previous documented materials. The result of this survey was highly correlated with the collective opinion expressed by the focus group that was conducted by the author in Amman in January, 2005. Thus, the cross-cultural validity of this instrument has been confirmed, and the major findings of this pilot study could inform future policy directions and public awareness raising strategies to foster positive public attitudes.

Abstract 2163 | PDF Downloads 1588 Word Downloads 119 Text Downloads 144


Al-Abdulwahab, S., & Al-Gain S. I. (2003). Attitudes of Saudi Arabia care professionals towards people with physical disabilities. Asia Pacific Disability Rehabilitation Journal, 14, 63-70.

Antonak, R. F. (1982). Development and psychometric analysis of the Scale of Attitudes toward Disabled Persons. The Journal of Applied Rehabilitation Counseling, 13, 22-29.

Antonak, R. F., & Livneh, H. (1998). The measurement of attitudes toward people with disabilities: methods, psychometrics, and scales. Springfield, IL: C.C. Thomas.

Hong Kong, Equal Opportunity Commission (2000). A baseline survey of students’ attitudes towards people with a disability. Hong Kong: EOC.

Kabbarah, N. (2005). A study on the situation of disabled persons and the Arab Decade of Disabled Persons (2004-2013). Retrieved September 28, 2007, from

Paris M. J. (1993). Attitudes of medical students and health-care professionals towards persons with disabilities, California School of Professional Psychology, Berkeley/Alameda. Arch Phys Med Rehabilitation, 74, 818-825.

Quryouti, Y. (1984). Special education for Jordan: A present status of needs assessment study, Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Jordan.

Rosenbaum P. L., Armstrong R.W., & King S.M. (1986). Children’s attitudes toward disabled peers: A self-report measure. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 11(4), 517-530

Roush S. E. (1986). Health professionals as contributors to attitudes towards persons with disabilities. A special communication, Physical Therapy, 10, 1551-1554.

Turmusani M. (2003). Disabled people and economic needs in the developing world: A political perspective from Jordan. Ashgate: UK.

World Gazetteer (2007). Jordan: Largest cities and towns and statistics of their population. Retrieved September 28, 2007, from 110

World Health Organization (2001). International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (WHO-ICF). Geneva: WHO.

Yahoo Education (2007). Jordan people: Population. Retrieved September 28, 2007, from

Similar Articles

1 2 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.