Job-Related Challenges of Teachers with Physical Disabilities in Kumasi

Main Article Content

Moses Danso-Afriyie
Isaac Owusu
Reindolf Anokye
Wisdom Kwadwo Mprah

Keywords

Job-Related, Challenges, Teachers, Physical Disabilities, Kumasi

Abstract

This study aimed to establish the job-related challenges of Teachers with Physical Disabilities (TWPD) within the Kumasi Metropolitan Education Unit in Ghana. Twenty-one (21) TWPDs completed the study. A cross-sectional study design was used and an interview guide was utilized to solicit responses. Thematic content analysis was employed in analyzing the data collected. Relative to the nature of impairment, ‘pain’ and ‘weakness’ emerged in relation to impairments associated with TWPDs. ‘Mobility on school compound’ and ‘writing on the board’ were specific task related challenges encountered by TWPDs. However, additional job-related challenges existed in the form of attitudinal barriers. Due to the prevailing job-related challenges, most TWPDs had employed specific coping mechanisms to offset some of the challenges. Prominent among these coping mechanisms were being dependent on others for physical support and taking frequent breaks from tasks that were physically demanding. Overall, most TWPDs asserted they felt disadvantaged compared to their colleagues without physical disabilities due to the numerous job challenges they encountered. In light of these, it is recommended that the Ghana Education Service (GES) should profile the respective work-related challenges of TWPDs to come up with policies and interventions that would gradually eliminate these challenges.


Creative Commons License
Job-Related Challenges of Teachers with Physical Disabilities in Kumasi by Moses Danso-Afriyi, Isaac Owusu, Reindolf Anokye & Wisdom Kwadwo Mprah is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Based on a work at https://rdsjournal.org. Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at https://www.rds.hawaii.edu.

Abstract 20 | PDF Downloads 4 Word Downloads 1 TXT Downloads 1

References

Belson, S. I. (2003). Physical disabilities, NY: Houghton Mufflin Inc.

Bredberg, E. (1999). Writing disability history: Problems, perspectives and sources. Disability & Society, 3rd Edition. London: Sage Publications, Inc.

Cockerham, W. C. (2007). Social causes of health and disease. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.

Creswell, J. W. (1998). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five traditions. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Creswell, J. W. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. 3rd edition. Los Angeles: Sage Publications, Inc.

Erb, S., & Harriss-White, B. (2002). Outcast from social welfare: Adult incapacity and disability in rural South India. Bangalore: Books for Change.

Ghai, A. (2003). (Dis)embodied form. Issues of disabled women. New Delhi: Shakti Books.

Ghana Statistical Services. (2012). Population & housing census: Summary report of final results 2010. Accra, Ghana: Ghana Statistical Service.

Hatch, J. A. (2002). Doing qualitative research in education settings. Albany: SUNY Press.

Heart and Stroke Foundation. (2017). Interventions for Stroke. Retrieved from www.strokengine.ca/intervention/assistive-devices

Horstman, A. M., Beltman, M. J., Gerrits, K. H., Koppe, P., Janssen, T. W., Elich, P., & De Haan, A. (2008). Intrinsic muscle strength and voluntary activation of both lower limbs and functional performance after stroke. Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging, 28(4), 251–261.

Jeffery, R., & Singal, N. (2008). Disability estimates in India: A changing landscape of socio-political struggle. Economic and Political Weekly, 43(12 & 13), 22–24.

Kuckartz, U. (2014). Qualitative text analysis: A guide to methods, practice and using software. Sage Publications, Inc.

Kalyanpur, M. (2007). Equality, quality and quantity: Challenges in inclusive education. Sage Publications, Inc.

Lányi, C. S., Laky, V., Tilinger, A., Pataky, I., Simon, L., Kiss, B., ... & Páll, A. (2004). Developing multimedia software and virtual reality worlds and their use in rehabilitation and psychology. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, 105, 273–284.

Mayo, E. N., Wood-Dauphinee, S., Ahmed, S., Carron, G., Higgins, J., Mcewen, S., & Salbach, N. (1999). Disablement following stroke. Disability and Rehabilitation, 21(5&6), 258–268.

Minow, M. (1990). Making all the difference. Inclusion, exclusion and American law. Cornell: University Press.

Morse, J. M. (2001). Situating grounded theory within qualitative inquiry. In R. S. Schreiber & P. N. Stern (Eds.), Using Grounded Theory in Nursing (pp. 1–15). New York: Sprinter Publishing Company, Inc.

Morse, J. M., Barrett, M., Mayan, M., Olson, K., & Spiers, J. (2002). Verification strategies for establishing reliability and validity in qualitative research. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 1(2), 13–22.

Muse, M. (2002). Stress-related, posttraumatic chronic pain syndrome: Behavioral treatment approach. Pain, 25(3), 389–94.

Nambissan, G. B. (2000). Dealing with deprivation. Enabling Education, 25(3), 389–94.

Obiozor, W. E. (2010). The Use of Music to Teach Life Skills to Students with Emotional Disabilities in the Classroom. Online Submission, 7(1), 17–26.

Ostir, G. V., Goodwin, J. S., Markides, K. S., Ottenbacher, K. J., Balfour, J., & Guralnik, J. M. (2002). ‘Differential effects of premorbid physical and emotional health on recovery from acute events’. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 50(4), 713–718

Phillip, B., & Zhao, H. (1993). Predictors of assistive technology abandonment. Assistive Technology, 5(1), 36–45.

Sah, P. K. (2010). Assistive technology competencies: Need, outlook, and prospects (with reference to special educators for children with visual impairment). American Journal of Disability, 200(15), 22–35.

Wade, D. T., & de Jong, B. A. (2000). Recent advances: Recent advances in rehabilitation. British Medical Journal, 320(7246), 1385.

World Health Organization, and World Bank. (2011). World report on disability 2011. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.