Audio description for 3-Dimensional (3D) virtual worlds

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Peter Leong
Sarah Espinosa
Melissa Peterson


Audio description, 3D virtual worlds, virtual campus


Three-dimensional (3D) virtual worlds have little to offer people with visual disabilities because the experience is largely visual in nature. This paper describes a project that seeks to develop best practices for creating audio description for 3D virtual worlds by creating and testing audio descriptions for the University of Hawaiʻi  at Manoa College of Education’s OpenSim virtual campus as a proof of concept.

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